Commands & Colors: Ancients    Historical Resources
Contents Our Philosphy: Choice Links, not Every Link

Army List Resources   [ Organization, tactics, dress and weapons. ]
Historical Research and Primary Works   [ Key internet references. ]
Maps   [ Classical atlas and gazetteer references. ]
Berg's Bibliography   [ Bibliography and Commentary. ]
Other Bibliography   [ Bibliography and Commentary. ]

[University of Newcastle, Museum of Antiquities]

Army List Resources
Wargames Research Group publishes a number of very useful detailed studies of armies, from which you can learn about the details of organization, tactics, dress and weapons of the armies and period of your interest. In particular, Armies of the Ancient Near East (WRG28), Armies of the Madedonian and Punic Wars (WRG29), Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome (WRG30), and Armies of the Dark Ages (WRG31) are of interest.
Wargames Research Group publishes army lists to work with their very well-known tournament rules system: De Bellis Multitudinis (DBM). The army lists are fascinating to examine and disagree with and are a must have. In particular, DBM List I - 3000BC - 500 BC (WRG5) and DBM List II - 500BC - 476AD (WRG6) are of interest.
Osprey Publishing publishes countless captivating, richly illustrated booklets focused on all military history. The Ancient World section contains a large number of booklets in their various series, covering (a) Wars, Battles & Campaigns, (b) Uniforms, Insignia & Equipment, (c) Military Life, (d) Fortifications, (e) Siege Weapons & Artillery, and (f) Modelling.
Warhammer Historical by the ubiquitous Games Workshop provides solid army list research material in their publications supporting their gaming system, Warhammer Ancient Battles (WAB). In particular, Warhammer Ancient Battles (which contains lists for Romans and Barbarians), Chariot Wars, Armies of Antiquity, Alexander the Great, and Fall of the West.

Armies: Carthaginian
Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars is a fascinating web site bringing together historical details, references to original works on line, commentaries, images, timelines, descriptions of battles and more.
The Punic Wars 264-146 BC (Osprey Essential Histories 16)
Armies of the Carthaginian Wars 265-146 BC (Osprey Men-at-Arms 121)
Rome's Enemies 4 (Osprey Men-at-Arms 180)

Armies: Roman is an interesting web site focusing on the history of the Roman Legions and "other" ancients. A rich source of basic information about army organization and equipment as well as campaign histories. There is quite a bit of useful information about miniatures.
Cannae 216 BC (Osprey Campaign 36)
Caesar's Civil War 49-44 BC (Osprey Essential Histories 42
Caesar's Gallic Wars 58-50 BC (Osprey Essential Histories 43
Republic Roman Army 200-104 BC (Osprey Men-at-Arms 291)
Roman Legionary 58 BC - AD 69 (Osprey Warrior 71)

Historical Research and Primary Works
Oxbow Books The one-stop shop for everything on Archaeology, Prehistory, the Classical World, the Middle Ages, Egyptology, Near Eastern studies, and related Environmental and Heritage topics.
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook Hosted at Fordham University. It provides english translations of most of the ancient and classical authors directly on a wide variety of topics: history, education, law, institutions, art, literature, religion, and military.
Perseus Digital Library Hosted at Tufts University. It provides original language presentations of most of the ancient and classical authors. For the dedicated researcher.

The Barrington Atlas This atlas, created by the Classical Atlas Project, now the Ancient World Mapping Center, is perhaps the most significant map resource available. There may be other sources but for serious students of the period this is the source. The Ancient World Mapping Center exists to promote cartography and geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies.

Berg's Bibliography
Roman Warfare (Cassell 2000, 2002) by Adrian Goldsworthy
The Punic Wars (Cassell 2001, 2002) by Adrian Goldsworthy
The Western Way of War (Knopf 1989, University of California Press 2000) by Victor Davis Hanson
Hoplites (Routledge 1991, 1993) by Victor Davis Hanson
The Punic Wars (Palgrave Macmillan 1980) by Brian Caven
Warfare in the Classical World (Salamander Books 1980, University of Oklahoma Press 1995) by John Warry
The Face of Roman Battle by Philip Sabin (from The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol XC, 2000)
The Great Battles of Alexander This is a two-page PDF extract from the Deluxe 4th Edition of this great game (from the Great Battles of History series) by GMT Games LLC. Used by kind permission.
Ancient World: Rise of the Roman Republic This is a one-page PDF extract from the first instalment of the new monster game series by GMT Games LLC. Used by kind permission.
As new games in the Ancient World and Great Battles of History series are published, we will include any new bibliographic extracts provided in the series (per prior permission from GMT).

Other Bibliography
Joe Bisio's Classical Ancient Warfare Source Listing A very extensive listing

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Site: by John A. Foley    Launched 03/17/2004, last updated 01/24/2008.